IPCC cited multiple Master's Students in AR4, some unpublished

03 Feb

The news that the IPCC cited a master’s student’s dissertation caused quite a stir. However, this citation wasn’t alone in the IPCC’s AR4. There are nine citations of Master’s theses altogether, and two of those weren’t even published. There were also thirty-one PHD theses or dissertations, one of which was unpublished, and three of which are from the University of East Anglia. The Masters citations have been added to the IPCC’s questionable citations list. Here is the list below:

Working Group I:

Crooks, S., 2004: Solar Influence On Climate. PhD Thesis, University of Oxford.

Foster, S.S., 2004: Reconstruction of Solar Irradiance Variations for use in Studies of Global Climate Change: Application of Recent SOHO Observations with Historic Data from the Greenwich Observatory. PhD Thesis, University of Southampton, Faculty of Science, Southampton, 231 p.

Oram, D.E., 1999: Trends of Long-Lived Anthropogenic Halocarbons in the Southern Hemisphere and Model Calculations of Global Emissions. PhD Thesis, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK, 249 pp.

Eyer, M., 2004: Highly Resolved δ13C Measurements on CO2 in Air from Antarctic Ice Cores. PhD Thesis, University of Bern, 113 pp.

Foster, S., 2004: Reconstruction of Solar Irradiance Variations for Use in Studies of Global Climate Change: Application of Recent SOHO Observations with Historic Data from the Greenwich Observatory. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Driesschaert, E., 2005: Climate Change over the Next Millennia Using LOVECLIM, a New Earth System Model Including Polar Ice Sheets. PhD Thesis, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, 214 pp,

Harder, M., 1996: Dynamik, Rauhigkeit und Alter des Meereises in der Arktis. PhD Thesis, Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar und Meeresforschung, Bremerhaven, Germany, 124 pp

Jiang, Y.D., 2005: The Northward Shift of Climatic Belts in China during the Last 50 Years, and the Possible Future Changes. PhD Thesis, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, China Academy of Science, Beijing, 137 pp.

Somot, S., 2005: Modélisation Climatique du Bassin Méditerranéen: Variabilité et Scénarios de Changement Climatique. PhD Thesis, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France, 333 pp.

Vérant, S., 2004: Etude des Dépressions sur l’Europe de l’Ouest : Climat Actuel et Changement Climatique. PhD thesis


Working Group II:


Shibru, M., 2001: Pastoralism and cattle marketing: a case study of the Borana of southern Ethiopia, Unpublished Masters Thesis, Egerton University.

Wahab, H.M., 2005: The impact of geographical information system on environmental development, unpublished MSc Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, 148 pp.

Gray, K.N., 1999: The impacts of drought on Yakima Valley irrigated agriculture and Seattle municipal and industrial water supply. Masters Thesis, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 102 pp.

Schwörer, D.A., 1997: Bergführer und Klimaänderung: eine Untersuchung im Berninagebiet über mögliche Auswirkungen einer Klimaänderung auf den Bergführerberuf (Mountain guides and climate change: an inquiry into possible effects of climatic change on the mountain guide trade in the Bernina region, Switzerland). Diplomarbeit der philosophisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Bern.


Tulu, A.N., 1996: Determinants of malaria transmission in the highlands of Ethiopia: the impact of global warming on morbidity and mortality ascribed to malaria. PhD thesis, University of London, London, 301 pp.

Dessai, S., 2005: Robust adaptation decisions amid climate change uncertainties. PhD thesis, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, 281 pp.

Kaspar, F., 2003: Entwicklung und Unsicherheitsanalyse eines globalen hydrologischen Modells (Development and uncertainty analysis of a global hydrological model). PhD dissertation, University of Kassel, Germany, 139 pp.

Otter, H.S., 2000: Complex Adaptive Land Use Systems: An Interdisciplinary Approach with Agent-based Models. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Twente, Enschede, the Netherlands, 245 pp.

Livermore, M.T.J., 2005: The potential impacts of climate change in Europe: the role of extreme temperature. Phd Thesis, University of East Anglia, 436pp.

Anderson, B., 2004: The response of Ko Roimate o Hine Hukatere Franz Josef Glacier to climate change. PhD thesis, University of Canterbury, Christchurch.

Livermore, M.T.J., 2005: The Potential Impacts of Climate Change in Europe: The Role of Extreme Temperatures. Ph.D. thesis, University of East Anglia, UK.

Klein Tank, A.M.G., 2004. Changing Temperature and Precipitation Extremes in Europe’s Climate of the 20th Century. PhD dissertation, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, 124 pp.

Winkels, A. 2004: Migratory livelihoods in Vietnam: vulnerability and the role of migrant livelihoods. PhD Thesis, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, 239 pp.

Working Group III:


Bohm, M.C., 2006: Capture-ready power plants – Options, technologies and economics, MSc Thesis, MIT. , accessed 05/06/07.

Duncan, A., 2005: Solar building developments. Master Applied Science thesis, Massey University Library, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

Sekar, R.S., 2005: Carbon dioxide capture from coal-fired power plants: a real options analysis. MSc Thesis, MIT. accessed 02/07/07.

Banda, A., 2002: Electricity production from sugar industries in Africa: A case study of South Africa. M.Sc thesis, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Kaartinen, T., 2004: Sustainable disposal of residual fractions of MSW to future landfills. M.S. Thesis, Technical University of Helsinki, Espoo, Finland. In Finnish.


Kriegler, E., 2005: Imprecise probability analysis for integrated assessment of climate change. PhD Thesis University of Potsdam, Germany.

Barreto, L., 2001: Technological learning in energy optimisation models and deployment of emerging technologies. PhD thesis, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland.

Broek, R. van den, 2000: Sustainability of biomass electricity systems – An assessment of costs, macro-economic and environmental impacts in Nicaragua, Ireland and the Netherlands. PhD Thesis, Utrecht University, 215 pp.

Bain, 2005: An analysis of energy consumption in Bangladesh. PhD. Thesis. Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India.

De Beer, J.G., 1998: Potential for industrial energy-efficiency improvement in the long term. PhD Dissertation, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Hoogwijk, M., 2004: On the Global and Regional Potential of Renewable Energy Sources. PhD Thesis, Copernicus Institute, Utrecht University, March 12, 2004. 256 pp.

Sleutel, S., 2005: Carbon Sequestration in Cropland Soils: Recent Evolution and Potential of Alternative Management Options. PhD. thesis, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Benitez-Ponce, P.C. 2005: Essays on the economics of forestry based carbon mitigation. PhD Thesis, Wageningen Agricultural University.

Beck-Friis, B.G. 2001: Emissions of ammonia, N2O, and CH4 during composting of organic household waste. PhD Thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, 331 pp.

Borjesson, G., 1996: Methane oxidation in landfill cover soils. Doctoral Thesis, Dept. of Microbiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

Huber-Humer, M., 2004: Abatement of landfill methane emissions by microbial oxidation in biocovers made of compost. PhD Thesis, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences (BOKU), Vienna, 279 pp.

Morris, J.R., 2001: Effects of waste composition on landfill processes under semi-arid conditions. PhD Thesis, Faculty of Engineering, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, S. Africa. 1052 pp.


Posted by on February 3, 2010 in IPCC



32 responses to “IPCC cited multiple Master's Students in AR4, some unpublished

  1. Charles Higley

    February 3, 2010 at 3:37 pm

    No peer-review here. Granted, these graduate students had mentor and a committee, but the publication process with PROPER peer-review is still needed, I believe according to the IPCC’s high quality standards.

  2. Interglacial John

    February 3, 2010 at 3:40 pm

    The only way this could get worse is if we find Wikipedia cited in AR4. Truly disgraceful conduct.

  3. Nuke A Whale

    February 3, 2010 at 4:46 pm

    Didn’t AR4 use a graph image from Wikipedia ?

  4. Frank Zone

    February 3, 2010 at 5:30 pm

    The four corners of deceit: media, academia, science, and government. The media lies, distorts, censors, and covers-up the facts and the truth for their friends in academia, science, and government. The corruption is everywhere. We will disgorge these liars. We will reveal the lies and the deceit. The phonies will be exposed.

  5. Nate

    February 3, 2010 at 7:11 pm

    Pollys are stating that they’re creating legislation based on solid science…

    This is NOT solid science. This is a joke! Masters students, WWF, Greenpeace… could you get less science and more propoganda?

    And RE: Peer Review… Peer review is the start of the scientific process. Not the end.
    One person who believes the earth is flat passing his theory onto another believer that the earth is flat doesn’t mean that it’s settled science!

  6. julie

    February 3, 2010 at 11:22 pm

    Nuke a Whale

    it was the Hanno graph – an unknown contributor named Hanno

  7. Tucci78

    February 3, 2010 at 11:28 pm

    Nate bemoans the assertions of the politicians to the effect that “…they’re creating legislation based on solid science….”

    Not hardly. Not ever, really. There are a few doctors in the Congress (Ron Paul among them), but the extent to which a real scientist finds his way into that crowd of popularity contest winners is nil.

    People who have spent their lives learning and practicing the scientific method – and developing the habits of skepticism and intellectual integrity necessary to be successful in any field of the sciences – are effectively unelectable. Someone with a doctorate in the squishy subjects (what Richard Feynman called the “Cargo Cult Science” disciplines and which Robert Heinlein contemptuously dismissed as “Twaddle! Beetle tracking! Occupational therapy for morons!”) might be equipped to win a district or state, particularly in the cyanotically “Blue” states, but a genuine scientist in the American political system would neither seek nor be selected for elected office.

    The real scientist, y’see, doesn’t honestly give a damn about consensus or popularity or majority opinion. He lives his life for those moments when objective reality offers something extraordinary, for those “Hm; that’s funny…” moments in which the usual-and-customary goes off the rails and a real opportunity for learning something new pops into his purview.

    Of course, for every real scientist like that there’s thousands of bottle-washers and button-sorters like me. The key is to keep us from taking control of the machinery, and make sure that the socially maladept poke-prod-WHAM! guys have enough leeway to do their thing.

    One of the reasons why I despise and actively hate politicians is that I’m trained as a scientist, and I find their lust for idiot-emollient bullpuckey absolutely loathsome. I’d sooner be in the company of someone with a compulsive urge to sodomize barnyard animals.

    But that politicians should not, could not, recognize sound science were you to engrave it upon an anvil and drop that mass of cast iron repeatedly upon their heads must be expected. It’s the nature of the beast, and this will always be so.

    Like the supercilious, egregiously tweedy Business Management professor in that wonderful classroom scene in *Back to School*, they exist in Fantasyland.

  8. BMF

    February 4, 2010 at 6:41 am

    In the true tradition of weasel wording the AGW alarmists changed global warming to climate change when the facts supporting global warming began to slip.

    Weasel wording also applies to the much publicized requirement for including only peer reviewed literature in the IPCC reports. It turns our to be more like a suggestion than a requirement. According to the head of the IPCC and quotes from some of the report’s authors, non-peer reviewed literature is indeed permitted to be cited.

    Without any constraints, this opens the door to including any and all non-peer reviewed literature that supports the IPCC’s preconceived political agenda.

    The IPCC and warming alarmist (sorry for being redundant) have made such a big stink about AGW opposition articles not having been peer reviewed that me thinks that in addition to the AGW proponents being essentially a bunch of lying, cheating, corrupt, elite, far left, agenda-driven, manipulating, law-breaking, shameless, unrepentant, self-righteous, immoral, deceiving, pseudo-scientists; they are also a bunch of hypocrites to boot.

    It makes me mad as Hell that these people are directly responsible for influencing governments to spend countless trillions of tax dollars on complete nonsense that otherwise could have been used to help the homeless, the starving, the poor, and to fuel economies to improve the lives of all citizens.

    I think they should be forced to return all of the grant money they’ve been given and I think the UN should return all the money it’s used to fund the IPCC.

    It’s just my opinion.

  9. Dodgy Geezer

    February 4, 2010 at 9:11 am

    I can’t see the problem in using a PhD thesis per se – almost by definition this will be the latest work in the field. But of course the thesis MUST be published and subject to external reviews by unconnected scientists – the fact that a PhD thesis is approved by your examiner is NOT an independent audit.

    Actually, this really brings the fundamental concept of the IPCC into question. They are meant to ‘filter’ the world’s scientific papers and produce an agreed synthesis. I cannot see that this is possible, or happening. All I can see is an almost random selection of papers which produce the most scares.

    If there was any attempt at synthesis or balance, I would expect to see ‘on the one hand x may be happening’ while ‘on the other hand it could be because of y’…. There is no such balance in the IPCC reports….

  10. ralf

    February 4, 2010 at 10:02 am

    I was reading a dutch newspaper on line, A ducth ministers was very mad about an other misstake in AR4: The Netherlands is 60% under water and in reality it is only 20%
    see Dutch newspaper
    or rapport

  11. Max Westin

    February 4, 2010 at 11:52 am

    You need to finish your homework before making these posts. First, you need to actually look at the actual IPCC procedures where you’ll see they clearly indicate not all sources will be peer-reviewed: and second, you need to actually show how these allegedly suspect references were cited in the report.

    If you want your site to actually be useful to the climate debate, you should try and stop spreading disinformation and half-assed allegations.

  12. tom sylvester

    February 4, 2010 at 7:00 pm

    MW, did you even read your own cite? When I finally found the deeply buried reference to non-peer reviewed sources, it specifically referred to “in particular, information about the experience and practice of the private sector in mitigation and adaptation activities, are found in sources that have not been published or peer-reviewed (e.g., industry journals, internal organisational publications, non-peer reviewed reports or working papers of research institutions, proceedings of workshops etc)” That has nothing whatsoever to do with alarmist predictions in a master’s thesis written by one of Phil Jones’s students at UEA. AFA the specific references are concerned, you do know how to back reference a footnote to the footnoted sentence in a text, right? So why not do so yourself before making “half-a$$ed allegations”?

  13. Max Westin

    February 7, 2010 at 1:16 pm


    Deeply buried? It’s in the center of the page. I hope this isn’t the excuse that you and the proprietors of this page plan to hide behind. Again: do your homework.

    As for me looking up the footnotes, I have. Which is how I know their inclusion here is complete BS. And since I’m not the one tossing around accusation I’m not the one who needs to back them up by providing the information here.

    Apparently your excuse can be summed up in one word: laziness.

  14. Margaret Shogren

    February 24, 2010 at 10:46 pm

    Is it ok if I need to post this info on one of my own blogs? I think my readers would appreciate the info.

  15. Will S

    February 27, 2010 at 12:38 am

    What’s the big deal? I’ve got a PhD and an MS. An MS thesis is pretty damn close to being peer-reviewed; a committee thrashes it before it is accepted. The people crying about this obviously don’t understand what is involved in writing and defending a science-based thesis. Even if it isn’t ultimately published, the data collected is still valid. Not every thesis is suitable for publication; sometimes the information is so specific or obscure that there is no suitable journal. In other cases, the student gets a job and loses interest in publication.

  16. Joe Geshel

    March 9, 2010 at 10:44 am

    I am heartened by all the publicity of the fraud and malpractice that has and is occuring in the IPCC, DRU, NASA, and even NOAA. If in fact, but that is yet not known, that there is an increase of the percentage of CO2 in the worlds atmosphere, what’s the harm? Nothing, so far produced, has shown that that fact would be harmful. Oh yes, many alarmists have sent out fear messages that we are all doomed, but that is all that has happened. They just said it, but produced nothing to prove it. So far, have the seas risen? No! The measurement of one or 2 centimeters is not possible when you think of the oceans. Gravity, wave action, night and day, the wind, the tides, the sun and the moon, all push and pull at varying amounts and skew any such measurement that has real meaning. So, I am confident in saying that so far, the seas have not risen or fallen nor do I or anyone else know just what has happened. If I am wrong, then I would like to see the proof of it one way or the other. Now you know!

  17. Tyson F. Gautreaux

    March 18, 2010 at 9:46 am

    Please, don’t you allow people to do such things! This is very poor.

  18. Daniel Wyke

    October 23, 2010 at 4:58 am

    Long time reader / 1st time poster. Really enjoying reading the blog, keep up the good work. Will definitely start posting more oftenin the future.

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    May 24, 2011 at 9:11 pm

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  20. Online Listings

    October 1, 2011 at 2:19 am

    I am heartened by all the publicity of the fraud and malpractice that has and is occuring in the IPCC, DRU, NASA, and even NOAA. If in fact, but that is yet not known, that there is an increase of the percentage of CO2 in the worlds atmosphere, what’s the harm? Nothing, so far produced, has shown that that fact would be harmful. Oh yes, many alarmists have sent out fear messages that we are all doomed, but that is all that has happened. They just said it, but produced nothing to prove it. So far, have the seas risen? No! The measurement of one or 2

  21. does jelqing work

    November 16, 2011 at 5:47 pm

    If I take an entire article from WIKIA with informations, script especially and I post it on my site, translating the infos into my language, is this a problem? the scripts from WIKIA are copyrighted or smth or there is a way they could close my site?.


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